Lake Tanganyika is the second deepest and, by volume, the second largest lake in the world (after Siberia's Lake Baikal in both respects). It lies in four countries' territories: a little in each of Burundi andZambia, and more than 40 percent in each of the Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania.
Mafia Island ("Chole Shamba") is part of the Tanzanian Zanzibar Archipelago, together with Unguja, Pemba and Latham Island. As one of the six districts of the Pwani Region, Mafia Island is governed from the mainland, not from the semi-autonomous region of Zanzibar, of which it has never been considered to be a part.
Matema beach is on the northern shores of Lake Nyasa. This beach is one of the most beautiful on the lake, which has been referred to as the most scenic body of water in Africa! Relatively undeveloped for tourism giving it an authentic feel and suitable for swimming.
Pemba Island, known as "The Green Island" in Arabic (الجزيرة الخضراء), is an island forming part of the Zanzibar Archipelago, lying off the east coast of Africa in the Indian Ocean. With a land area of 988 square kilometres (381 sq mi) it is situated about 50 kilometres (31 mi) to the north of Unguja, the largest island of the archipelago.
“Earth, sea and sky, all seemed wrapped in a soft and sensuous repose”, wrote Burton, as he looked for the first time at the ‘mysterious island'. “As we drew nearer and vision became more distinct, we found as many questions for the pilot as did Vasco da Gama of old.